Pre-K Benefits are in the Details

Chandra Villanueva

If a mechanic told you she could make your car perform better, you would probably want more details before she started rearranging wires under your hood. Well, after the Texas Legislature passed the High-Quality Prekindergarten Grant Program (HB 4) this spring, many of us applauded the law as a good first step. Now it’s details time.

On December 1 the Texas Education Agency will hold a hearing to discuss details of how to make the new Pre-K grant program policies in HB 4 a reality. The outcome of this rulemaking process will be key to determining how effective the Pre-K law will be at the end of the day.

We applaud Governor Abbott for declaring Pre-K an emergency item and Representative Dan Huberty for his leadership on the passage of HB 4.

As a reminder, HB 4 requires the Commissioner of Education to establish a high-quality grant program, while leaving a wide degree of flexibility to define quality and grant amounts. In defining a high-quality Pre-K program, the Center for Public Policy Priorities recommends the Commissioner include criteria for a full-day program, nationally recognized class-size limits and ratios, and effective discipline policies. The grant program should also be structured in a way that a district can predict the amount of grant support from year to year.

Let’s look closer at each of CPPP’s recommendations:

A Full-Day Program:

The more exposure a child has to educational instruction, the greater the educational gains will be. For children who are significantly behind, exposure to high-quality Pre-K for extended periods is crucial for closing achievement gaps. The TEA Commissioner should include a full-day program in the criteria for a high-quality program.

Class-size Limits and Staff-Child Ratios:

Texas ranks at the bottom in quality standards measures compared to 53 other programs in 40 states and the District of Columbia. And Texas has no cap on the number of Pre-K students in a class or on the number of students for each staff person. The TEA Commissioner should include nationally recognized class-size limits and staff-child ratios in the criteria for a high-quality program.

Effective Discipline Policies:

One of the primary goals of Pre-K programs is to develop social and emotional skills among children. The use of exclusionary discipline policies such as in-school and out-of-school suspension in early grades runs counter to this goal and illustrates the need for support and training on research-based alternatives. The TEA Commissioner should require, as part of the criteria for a high-quality program, a written policy, available to parents, that limits the use of in- and out-of-school suspensions and specifies under what circumstances exclusionary practices are appropriate.

Grant Amounts:

In order to implement and sustain a high-quality Pre-K program, districts need a reliable and stable funding source. Variable grant amounts make it difficult to prepare for the future and set districts up for failure when funding runs out or decreases significantly. The TEA Commissioner should set the grant amount at the $1,500 per student maximum to better assist districts in implementing a high-quality program.

To read CPPP’s full list of recommendations and details, click here.

At the Center for Public Policy Priorities, we believe in a Texas that offers everyone the chance to compete and succeed in life. We envision a Texas where everyone is healthy, well-educated, and financially secure. We want the best Texas - a proud state that sets the bar nationally by expanding opportunity for all. CPPP is an independent public policy organization that uses data and analysis to advocate for solutions that enable Texans of all backgrounds to reach their full potential. We dare Texas to be the best state for hard-working people and their families.

1 Comment

  • Hi Chandra – I’ve been binge-reading your blog and fully support your work with PreK and working to improve our work with young children state-wide. I am the Executive Director of a non-profit early education center called Opportunity School in Amarillo, TX. When we look at NIEER national standards, our small community-based program meets 8 of the 10 standards and we are working on the other two. We are also one of only two NAEYC accredited programs in the Panhandle but there are so many children in care or in preschool classrooms who are not looking at raising the bar and improving quality.

    Specifically, I wanted you to know that I love that CPPP is including ratios and effective discipline policies in your efforts! We are in year 1 of implementing Conscious Discipline throughout our school’s two campuses and we are already seeing impressive improvement in the behaviors of some of our most challenging children. It is amazing when we begin to TEACH young children the social and self-regulation skills when a classroom conflict occurs rather than using traditional methods like time outs or losing privileges. While we currently only serve 150 students, we know that we will make a huge difference in their education and life skills for years to come! Thank you for making this part of your recommendations!

    I wish you the best in your work. If you are ever in Amarillo, please let me know! Would love to meet you!

    Jill Goodrich, Executive Director
    Opportunity School
    Amarillo, Texas

    Jill Goodrich 12.02.2016

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